July 21: Marshall McLuhan; City of Winnipeg Act passes; Joseph Hargave dies.

July 21, 1911 - Marshall McLuhan is born in Edmonton. He grew up in Winnipeg, attending Kelvin High School,  Alice Leone Mitchell's School of Expression and the University of Manitoba. From here it was on to Cambridge and an academic career in which he studied the role of mass media on society. He died in December 1980.

Read his N. Y. Times obituary and writings for The Manitoban.

July 21, 1971 - The City of Winnipeg Act is enacted by the Province. It gave the green light for the creation of 'Unicity' - the amalgamation of the old city of Winnipeg, the temporary 'Metro Winnipeg' and her 11 surrounding municipalities.  The Unicity of Winnipeg legally come into being on January 1, 1972.

July 21, 1950 - For the first time Winnipeg police offers are allowed to work in shirt sleeves.

July 21, 1891 - Joseph Hargrave, former HBC chief trader and chronicler of early Manitoba history, dies. Hargrave Street is named for him.

July 20: Riel's trial begins; Legislature totem pole erected.

Collége universitaire de Saint-Boniface
July 20 1885 - Louis Riel is formally charged with treason, the Crown claiming that he ..."most wickedly, maliciously and traitorously did levy and made war against our said Lady the Queen."  Read about his treason trial here.

Kwakiutl Totem Pole
July 20, 1971 - The Kwakiutl Totem Pole is unveiled on the south grounds of the Manitoba Legislature.

July 19: Peace Day parade; "Gingerbread" city hall underway; Max Bell.

July 19, 1884 - The cornerstone for Winnipeg's second city hall is laid by Mayor Alexander Logan. The Gingerbread House opened in 1886.

July 19, 1919 - Winnipeg holds a Peace Day parade. (Also)

July 19, 1983 - Vera Tustin Gilbert dies. She was one of Manitoba's greatest swimmers and went on to coach and officiate the sport.

July 19, 1972 - Max Bell, (also), dies in Montreal. He built one of the largest newspaper chains in the country, FP Publications. When the U of M was struggling to complete construction of their $11m sports complex in 1982, the Max Bell Foundation donated $1.5 m toward the project. It was named the Max Bell Centre.

July 18: Officer Down, Eaton's opens.

July 18, 1969 - Constable Leonard W.C. Shakespeare of the St. Boniface Police Department is shot to death after responding to a robbery call at Provencher and Des Meurons.

July 18, 1905 - At 2:30 p.m. Timothy Eaton and his grandson, four year-old Timothy C. Eaton, press a button to formally open Eaton's flagship store Portage Avenue. There was one catch - nothing was for sale. The first day was to allow people to familiarize themselves with the prices, merchandise and layout of the store. Thousands of people came to have a look.

July 17: Guess Who play White House; "The Cube" opens; St. Boniface Cathedral fire.

July 17, 1970 - The Guess Who perform a four song set at the White House. In the audience is President and Mrs. Nixon, Prince Charles and Princess Ann. The group were told not to include their hit American Woman, which was on the U.S. charts at the time.

Old Market Square, Winnipeg
July 17, 2010 - The Cube stage opens in Old market Square.

July 17, 1971 - A dedication and blessing takes place inside the new St. Boniface Cathedral.

July 17, 1891 - Samuel Bedson, the first warden of Stony Mountain Penitentiary and man credited with introducing the game of golf to Manitoba, dies.

July 16: Officer down, Manitoba's provincial bird; Manitoba Club formed.

July 16th, 1950 – Winnipeg Police Detective-Sergeant Ted Sims is shot to death after responding to a domestic dispute. The man who killed him, Henry Malanik, would become the last man to hang in Manitoba. For more about the killing and the punishment.

July 16, 1987 - Manitoba adopts the Great Gray Owl as its provincial bird.

July 16, 1874 - The Manitoba Club is created.

July 15: Manitoba joins Confederation; Legislature opens; Eaton's sneak peek; first airplane flight; Hydro rates jump.

July 15, 1870 - The Manitoba Act receives Royal ascent making Manitoba the fifth province of the Dominion as Canada's fifth province. The original boundaries were 1/18th of what they are today earning us the nickname "the postage stamp province."

July 15th, 1920
- After years of scandal the Manitoba Legislative Building finally opens.

July 15, 1905 - Eaton's hosts a VIP sneak peak of their Portage Avenue store a week in advance of the grand opening.

July 15, 1970 - The Guess Who play a four-set show at the Hollow Mug Restaurant. It was part of a youth celebration dinner attended by Price Charles and Princess Ann. Two days later, the band again played for the Royals, this time at the White House.

July 15, 1942 - The Winnipeg Tribune reports on the three most recent Manitoba deaths of World War II.

July 15, 1910 - Eugene Ely finally gets his biplane off the ground to make the first flight in Western Canada. Due to strong winds, however, the flight was a quick one and not seen by many. For more on the first flight

July 15, 1968 - Manitoba Hydro's first rate increase in 57 years takes effect. The 6% increase went toward building corporate reserves.

July 14: Rolling Stones play Arena; St. Andrews Locks and Dam open; Peace Garden dedicated; Hearne reaches Arctic.

July 14, 1966 - The Rolling Stones play the Winnipeg Arena. Ticket price: $4.50 !!

The Free Press reported that it was an 'almost capacity' crowd. The McCoys were the final opening act and finished their set with Hang on Snoopy. After that "...the arena was an acre of controlled hypertension" as dozens of security personnel in white coats lined up in front of the stage to protect the 100-foot deep 'no-man's land' between the seats and stage.

June 11, 1966, Winnipeg Free Press

"Whatever section of the audience he (Jagger) faced came alive. He took one section of it at a time and played it as his own instrument. Pounding the floor, contracting his knees inside his tight white pants, encouraging, and enjoying audience sympathy."
Winnipeg Free Press July 15, 1966

July 15 1910, Manitoba Free Press

July 14, 1910
- Prime Minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier and his Public Works Minister William Pugsley formally open the St. Andrews Locks and Dam in Lockport.

International Peace Garden
July 14, 1932 - The International Peace Garden south of Boissevain is dedicated. 

July 14, 1994 – Bomber QB Matt Dunnigan sets a CFL record for the most passing yards in a game: 713 against the Eskimos.

July 14, 1914 - Southern Manitoba suffers one of the worst rain storms on record. In six hours 5.26 inches of rain fell.

Churchill Skies
Hearne Map
Image: Map of Hearne's travels by Samuel HearneLibrary and Archives Canada

July 14, 1770 - Samuel Hearne and Matonabbee arrive at the Coppermine River, their final destination after leaving Churchill in February 1769. They descend the river to the Arctic Ocean and Hearne becomes the first European to reach the Arctic Ocean overland.

July 13: Wagon Wheel closes; Gabrielle Roy dies; Order of Manitoba.

July 13, 1983 - Author Gabrielle Roy dies.

Born in Saint Boniface, Roy won numerous national and international writing awards including three Governor General Awards in Literature, France’s Prix Femina, the Canada Arts Council Award and the New York Literary Guild Award. Roy was made a Companion of the Order of Canada in 1967.
La Maison Gabrielle Roy on Deschambealut is now a museum. (Image from: Le Groupe de recherche sur Gabrielle Roy)
July 13, 2000 - The first round of the newly created Order of Manitoba is bestowed upon 24 notable Manitobans. The award was created in 1999 when the Order of the Buffalo Hunt was 'reconfigured'.

Wagon Wheel Restaurant
July 13, 2012 - The Wagon Wheel Restaurant on Hargrave Street closes its doors.
July 13, 1875 - D.B. Murray is sworn in as the Winnipeg Police Department's new Chief Constable. He had been acting in the position since earlier in July when his predecessor, James Ingram, was caught in a 'state of undress' at a brothel on Sherbrook Street.

For more on the early days of Winnipeg's Police.

July 13, 1916 - Royal Bank employee Hugh Montgomery is killed in battle at the age of 23. His body lies in Belgium.

July 12: Brandon Fair goes Royal; St. Regis opens; CKJS founder dies; Pinsent's Winnipeg.

July 12, 1970 - The Brandon Winter Fair is granted patronage from Queen Elizabeth II thus creating the Royal Manitoba Winter Fair.

July 12, 1981 - C. G. Stanczykowski, founder and owner of CKJS in Winnipeg and CFMB Montréal, dies in a traffic accident.

July 12, 1930 - Actor Gordon Pinsent is born in Newfoundland. He joined the military at 17 and four years later was discharged at Fort Churchill, Manitoba. 

Pinsent moved to Winnipeg and according to his Literary Encyclopedia entry worked as a meter reader, streetcar ticket taker, an MTS employee and taught ballroom dance at Arthur Murray Studios. From 1954 – 60 he began acting, first with the Winnipeg Repertory Theatre and then everything from Rainbow Stage to CBC TV and radio.

He joined John Hirsch and Tom Hendry’s Theatre 77, (it was named 77 because the theatre was 77 steps from Portage and Main.) Theatre 77 later merged with Winnipeg Little Theatre to become the Manitoba Theatre Centre.

Pinsent has two Winnipeg firsts under his belt. He starred in the first live radio drama ever produced in Winnipeg and was the first actor to set foot on the stage when the curtain went up on an MTC production in 1958.

July 12, 1933 - Angusville farmer Fred Stawycznyj, 45, is hanged in Headingly for murdering his illegitimate child.

The widower farmer and his neighbour Mrs. Pauline Yatchuk began an affair in 1927 after her husband left to work in the U.S.. The two produced four children together, the first three were born dead, (at least that's what Stawycznyj claimed Mrs. Yatchuk told him.)

In the case of the fourth child, the one at the centre of the murder trial, Yatchuk said that Stawycznyj was present at the birth. The child was born alive but he strangled and buried the girl in the back yard to keep the affair a secret. Stawycznyj insisted that he was not present and that she told him that the child was born dead.

It took the jury an hour and a half to reach a guilty verdict against Stawycznyj. Yatchuk received a two-year sentence.

July 12, 1911 - The St. Regis Hotel opens.

July 11: Manitoba boils; Jimmie Skinner and Frank Frederickson die.

July 11, 1895 - Sigurdur Franklin "Frank" Frederickson is born in Winnipeg. He captained the Winnipeg Falcons to their Allen Cup win and gold medal victory at the 1920 Olympics in Antwerp.

Skinners Memoribilia
July 11, 2007 - Jimmie Skinner dies. Born in Selkirk in 1917, Skinner played and coached hockey, including the 1955 Stanley Cup-winning Detroit Red Wings. In his early days he spent the off season working at the family business, Skinner's in Lockport.

He is credited with starting the tradition of kissing the Stanley Cup !

July 13 1936, Winnipeg Free Press

July 11, 1936 - Manitoba is in the midst of its worst heat wave. Since July 5 temperatures have been above 32 degrees.

On this date, the temperatures boil over. Dozens of weather stations reached record temperatures that still stand today. This includes Winnipeg at 42.2 degrees and Brandon at 43.3. St. Albans, south of Brandon, recorded the hottest temperature ever recorded in Manitoba: 44.4 degrees.

In Winnipeg at least 29 deaths were blamed directly on the heat, many more died from drowning in local rivers and creeks trying to escape it.

July 10: Sam Bronfman dies; Mestache's plane crash; "Cigarette Week" begins !

July 10, 1971 - Samuel Bronfman dies.The Bronfman family lived in the Brandon area and owned a number of rural hotels. In 1912 they purchased the Bell Hotel on Winnipeg's Main Street and Sam came to run it. In 1916 prohibition came to Manitoba and he moved on to Montreal to start a distillery business. It eventually merged with another Montreal distillery to become multinational Seagrams.

By the time he died, he was one of Canada's richest men and leading philanthropists.

Manitoba Free Press July 11, 1912

July 10, 1912 - Famed French aviator Georges Mestache
crashes his plane, "The Big Bird", into a field filled with overflow spectators at the Winnipeg Industrial Exhibition.

The horrified audience, including the Duke of Connaught and Princess Patricia, were relieved when Mestache regained consciousness a few minutes after being pulled from the wreckage. Nobody on the ground was seriously injured.

July 10, 1944 - Cigarette Week begins in Winnipeg. It was a city-wide effort to raise money to send cigarettes to soldier and prisoners of war.

July 9: Hanging 'Bloody Jack'; Billy Mosienko remembered; Schevchenko monument.

July 9, 1914 - Murderer, bank robber and prison escapee "Bloody Jack Krafchenko" is hanged at the Vaughan Street Jail in Winnipeg. Among his crimes was the killing of a Plum Coulee bank manager during a December 1913 hold-up. (Also see and here.)

July 9, 1994 - Billy Mosienko dies.

In a 14 year career with the Chicago Black Hawks (1941 - 1955) he scored 258 goals with 282 assists but it is three goals in particular that he is most remembered for. On March 23, 1952 he scored a hat-trick against the New York Rangers in 21 seconds. It is still an NHL record. He is in the Hockey Hall of Fame and the Manitoba Sports Hall of Fame.

Born and raised in the North End, he and Joe Cooper opened a bowling alley at Main and Redwood in 1947.

July 9, 1961 - The Taras Schevchenko monument at the Legislature Grounds is unveiled.

July 8: NWMP head west; Pat Shea, brewer; Holy Trinity Cathedral consecrated.

Sir Sam Steele Legion Branch 117 Wreath Laying Ceremony
July 8, 1962 - The Holy Trinity Ukrainian Orthodox Metropolitan Cathedral on Main Street is consecrated by the Primate of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Canada. It's also home to the Manitoba branch of the Ukrainian Museum of Canada.

July 8, 1933 - Patrick Shea, co-founder of Winnipeg's Shea Brewery, dies. He was also a championship Clydesdale breeder and used the horses to pull his beer wagons. Before he died he sold his teams to St. Louis brewery Anhueser Busch and they carry on the tradition to this day.

July 8, 1874 - The 300-member North West Mounted Police leave Dufferin, Manitoba on their two-month long trek to bring law and order to Western Canada.

July 7 - Rainbow Stage opens; Winnitoba sails.

Source: Peel's

7, 1909 - The excursion ship Winnitoba is launched in Winnipeg. The following year the Winnitoba carried Laurier and other dignitaries when they opened the St. Andrews Lock and Dam.

July 6, 1954, Winnipeg Free Press

July 7, 1954 - Rainbow Stage opens in Kildonan Park.(Also see.)

Mayor Grant Coulter, Reg Hugo of the Civic Music League and James Fraser, chairman of the city's parks board, presided over the opening night concert. The two-hour show featured St. Boniface tenor Georges Paquin, comedian Len Andree, Eric Wild's orchestra, an 80-member choir from the Ukrainian Youth Association, Ukrainian dancers from the Trident Club and the Jewish Community Choir. The highlight was likely Lowe's 22-peice accordion band.

September 7, 1955, Winnipeg Free Press

For the first summer, it was a theatre for hire. July events included Winnipeg Film Council short movie nights, a performance by the Vancouver Junior Band, a performance by the Winnipeg Promenade Orchestra and a YMCA dance.

It wasn't until September 7, 1955 that the first musical, Brigadoon, was staged.