November 19: HBC's deed of surrender; Dayton's opens; Kelvin's new High School.

November 19, 1869 – It's the end of an era as the Hudson's Bay Company signs a Deed of Surrender for their remaining stake in Rupert’s Land to the Dominion of Canada in exchange for £300,000. 

When the deed came into effect on July 15, 1870, the province of Manitoba was declared.

November 19, 2006 - Winnipeg hosts the 94th Grey Cup. The B.C. Lions beat the Montreal Alouettes 25 - 14 in front of 44,786 fans at a chilly CanadInns Stadium.

November 19, 1965 - The new Kelvin High School opens. It was built adjacent to the original  Kelvin Technical High School, a four storey brick building which opened in 1912. (Read my history of Kelvin High School.)

It is named for Sir William Thompson, or Lord Kelvin, a British physicist and mathematician is best known as the man who created the absolute temperature scale, or Kelvin Scale.

Dayton Building
November 19, 1955 - The Dayton Building on Portage Avenue opens.

The original Dayton’s store on that site burned to the ground in the 1954 Time Building fire. Owner Alex Mitchell had it replaced with what is Winnipeg’s first all-glass exterior building.  "Dayton’s" had no affiliation with the U.S. retail giant, Mitchell just liked the name. Officially, the store was called Dayton Outfitters to avoid legal issues.

Dayton’s closed in July 1983. For a history of the store.

November 19, 1877 - The Bank of Montreal establishes its first branch in Winnipeg.

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